Left Bank Bordeaux is the star of the show. When we hear about grand chateaux, world-renowned classics, and bottles that can be aged for decades, you can be pretty certain the wines have come from this side of the Gironde. The terroir of the Left Bank has proved to be highly conducive for grape growing, making some of the world's most sought after bottles.
Here, the soils are gravelly and well draining, allowing for optimal irrigation. Left Bank blends are dominated by Cabernet Sauvignon, though generally include a hefty portion of Merlot. Due to Cabernet's strong backbone and prominent tannins, Left Bank wines can age for decades and are generally pretty unpleasant to drink young. The city of Bordeaux is found here, with the wine producing Médoc region to the north, Graves to the south, and a bunch of other highly regarded appellations scattered in between. Within the Médoc, you'll find Pauillac, Margaux, Saint-Julien, and a handful of other famous appellations. Further south in Graves, you'll stumble across Pessac-Leognan, as well as Sauternes and Barsac, two appellations known for their age-worthy, winegasm inducing dessert bottles. All five 'First Growths' of Bordeaux are found on the Left Bank.*
*Basically, in 1855, Napoleon III decided that he wanted to show off Bordeaux's best wines to visitors. How to do that? Create a classification system, of course! The top five rated wines, otherwise known as 'First Growths,' all come from the Left Bank of the Gironde.